Euratom

Euratom fusion research

10 June 2007 | 11:28 | Euratom

Fusion research in Europe is aimed at demonstrating that nuclear fusion is a viable future energy option. The abundant and widespread fuel resources, the inherent safety aspects, and the low environmental impact of fusion are all reasons why Europe and the large nations of the world are pursuing its development as a possible future energy source.

Achieving this aim requires a long-term and large scale research effort, which would be impossible to sustain for any single European country. That is why all the Member states of the European Union collaborate in a single research programme, which is coordinated on a European scale. The Swiss Federation is also part of this programme.

In Europe, fusion research takes place in a great number of research institutes and universities. On the European level, the so-called EURATOM Treaty is the international legal framework under which Member States cooperate in the fields of nuclear fission and fusion research. Fusion research organisations in the Member States have so-called “Contracts of Association” with the European Commission (which represents Euratom), in which the long-term commitments and work plans are laid down. This has lead to a research programme that is coordinated and integrated on a European level. Named after the Contracts of Association, the national fusion research organisations and institutions are known as Euratom Associations.

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Euratom

10 May 2007 | 11:31 | Euratom

The European Joint Undertaking for the ITER Fusion energy organization and the development of fusion energy has been established by the Council of the European Union at its meeting in Brussels on 27 March. The Joint Undertaking will form the European Domestic Agency that will manage the EU’s contribution to ITER. Switzerland is in the process of extending its accession to the ELE and ITER (via Euratom).

Euratom’s EFDA has three locations, which each house a so-called Close Support Unit (CSU), responsible for one or more of EFDAs activities. The EFDA-CSU Garching is located in Garching, near Munich (Germany), and is hosted by the German Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik. EFDA-CSU Culham is hosted by the UKAEA laboratory in Culham (UK), home of JET. Finally, EFDA-CSU Barcelona is hosted by the Spanish fusion laboratory CIEMAT in Barcelona (Spain).

On Monday 5 February in Tokyo, the Euratom and the Japanese government signed the “Broader Approach” agreement that was initialled on 22 November 2006, the day after the signing of the ITER agreement in Paris. This agreement is part of the deal hammered out during the site decision process, defining a “previlidged partnership” for Japan and setting out the work to be carried out jointly by the EU and Japan in support of ITER. The EU/Japan agreement lasts 10 years and represents some 340 million Euro of European investment. The cooperation aims to complement the ITER Project and to accelarate the realisation of fusion energy as a clean and sustainable energy source, by carrying out R&D and developing some advanced technologies for a future demonstration fusion power reactor (DEMO).

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Euratom

15 April 2007 | 14:35 | Euratom

The European Joint Undertaking for the ITER Fusion energy organization and the development of fusion energy has been established by the Council of the European Union at its meeting in Brussels on 27 March. The Joint Undertaking will form the European Domestic Agency that will manage the EU’s contribution to ITER. Switzerland is in the process of extending its accession to the ELE and ITER (via Euratom).

Euratom’s EFDA has three locations, which each house a so-called Close Support Unit (CSU), responsible for one or more of EFDAs activities. The EFDA-CSU Garching is located in Garching, near Munich (Germany), and is hosted by the German Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik. EFDA-CSU Culham is hosted by the UKAEA laboratory in Culham (UK), home of JET. Finally, EFDA-CSU Barcelona is hosted by the Spanish fusion laboratory CIEMAT in Barcelona (Spain).

On Monday 5 February in Tokyo, the Euratom and the Japanese government signed the “Broader Approach” agreement that was initialled on 22 November 2006, the day after the signing of the ITER agreement in Paris. This agreement is part of the deal hammered out during the site decision process, defining a “previlidged partnership” for Japan and setting out the work to be carried out jointly by the EU and Japan in support of ITER. The EU/Japan agreement lasts 10 years and represents some 340 million Euro of European investment. The cooperation aims to complement the ITER Project and to accelarate the realisation of fusion energy as a clean and sustainable energy source, by carrying out R&D and developing some advanced technologies for a future demonstration fusion power reactor (DEMO).

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